Workers offload electoral materials from a vehicle at Independent National Electoral Comission (INEC) premises, prior to the Nigerian presidential elections, in Gusau, Zamfara

In the wake of the upcoming 2024 National and Provincial Elections, the political parties and independent candidates signed the Electoral Commission's Code of Conduct to show their commitment to upholding a fair and unbiased electoral process.

The general elections will be held on May 29, which will elect a new National Assembly alongside the provincial legislature in each province. This election will mark the seventh election in the country since the end of the apartheid era in 1994.

A total of 325 political parties are participating in this year's elections.

Electoral Commission (IEC) chairperson Mosotho Moepya spoke during the signing ceremony held in Midrand on Thursday, explaining how violations of the code of conduct can lead to disputes and legal challenges.

"By complying with the code, political parties help to ensure that election outcomes are accepted as legitimate by all stakeholders, thereby contributing to political stability and social cohesion," Moepya said, SA News reported.

He added, "Today's signing ceremony holds profound significance, as the country witnesses leaders of parties represented in the National Party Liaison Committee publicly pledge to abide by the Electoral Code of Conduct for the forthcoming elections."

The code serves as a legal tool for ensuring fair elections and demanding strong political leadership. Compliance demonstrates not just IEC's commitment to democracy but also its dedication to organized public affairs.

Moepya emphasized that it's not enough for political entities and citizens to simply follow the code as they must also actively raise awareness about its significance and aid in educating voters.

He stressed that actions like inciting violence, intimidation, spreading false information or abusing positions of power are strictly forbidden. Any such behaviors will be swiftly met with accountability measures.

The chairperson highlighted that upholding the provisions of the Electoral Code of Conduct strengthens democratic principles like tolerance, respect for diversity and the peaceful resolution of conflicts.

"These values are essential for the functioning of a healthy democracy and fostering trust between citizens and their elected representatives," he said. "We know that political violence and intimidation can undermine the integrity of the electoral process and deter citizens from exercising their right to vote."

During the elections, the ruling African National Congress party will be locking horns with opposition parties, including the Economic Freedom Fighters party and the Democratic Alliance.